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Archive for January, 2011

Jennifer M. González Hernández

Professor Ellen Pratt

English 3231, Section 096

10 January 2011

Prologue

I have always been fascinated by Asian history. I came across the topic of Hiroshima at college. There was going to be a conference on it last semester, and I knew I had to go because it was related to Japan. I remember sitting in the dark auditorium and being entranced by a documentary. I felt so sad after watching the reenactments, but I remember going online that day and reading all I could find on the topic.  I knew I had to write about the topic someday. I finally got the chance to write about it thanks to this class. As I was thinking of a topic for my multi-genre, I remembered how much the story of the bombings made an impact on me. Hiroshima is a topic I hold dear to my heart. I have read so much about everything related to it, and I think that it will show in my work. I feel like this is a story that needs to be told. No matter what, we can always learn something new.

This research led me to read more than just the typical information I found online that day. I finally read accounts told by survivors of the tragedy. Their narrations shocked me more than any picture or film could. Just imagining what they told sent shivers through me. I am glad I chose this topic because I know it is one that caught my attention, and I could give it my all.

 

 

Introduction: Hiroshima & Nagasaki Bombings

The Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings are one of the most important events of the 20th century. They are still remembered today as a marking point in not only warfare, but scientific knowledge. The Hiroshima & Nagasaki bombings had both a positive and negative impact worldwide. On one side, “thanks” to the bombings World War 2 ended. On the other, it was a tragic and inhumane way to end such a war. Many lives were lost throughout the years as an effect of the bombings, and the health effects were long-lasting. I feel like the Japanese will always hold a tiny grudge because of Harry S. Truman’s desire to show just how powerful the U.S. was. It might not be a topic we talk about anymore, but it should be a concern for everyone. As Estep said, “We don’t hear that much about nuclear weapons any more in the post-Cold War world, but it’s still an issue”. Who knows when Japan will strike with something even worse than an atomic bomb?

When the bomb hit Hiroshima, it destroyed everything around a three mile radius. Everything—humans, animals, and objects vanished in thin air due to the atomic bomb’s power. Nearby buildings and trees caught fire and were destroyed slowly. Sasamori, a survivor, said, “It was really hell, the city smelled so bad.” Nature pretty much vanished as well. Radiation was propagated in the area for a long time, and had an impact on the human and animal’s health.

The bombs killed around 50,000 humans instantly. Mostly everyone near ground zero was turned into ashes by the bomb. Nearby people were burned by the light, with their skin torn off. Clothing would stick to their skin and become part of it. People inside buildings would either die when they fell down or were badly injured by broken windows & other damages. Long-lasting effects caused by the bombs were seen in most of the survivors. The radiation left by the bomb had an impact on their health; most of them contracted various forms of cancer due to it. According to Gina Macris, “by the end of 1945, about 140,000 people had died in Hiroshima from the effects of radiation poisoning, which prevents new cells from forming and, in its most acute form, causes the entire body to break down”. The bombs not only affected citizens physically, but psychologically. Memories from the event still affect survivors to this day. They are scarred for life, and still live in fear in the present. “This was not just a mushroom cloud, but to us a lifetime of pain and suffering,” Tamura, a survivor of the events says. She is a perfect example of the bomb’s psychological impact on Japanese citizens.

There was not just only one reason behind Harry S. Truman’s decision. The terror caused on that fateful August day might have been the outcome of many reasons, but that does not take away the fact that Truman was the one who gave the signal. One of the reasons for the bombings was World War 2.  Japan would not back down even though the U.S. gave them many chances to do so. But U.S. warnings were vague, they did not mention the massive destruction they had in their arms—not even a simple warning mentioning they had something powerful they could use against Japan.  The emperor wanted to back down, but prideful politicians and military men would not want him to do so. As Leeper said, “World leaders see the danger, but they are not moved from below and that is necessary to make them take the steps to disarm.” Even though the emperor wanted to surrender, other politicians chose otherwise. Surrendering would ruin their image, and would mean their losing  the war.  They were so full of pride that they would rather let people die than lose.

Another reason was the Pearl Harbor bombing. The United States was still hurt and mad about the tragic bombing led by Japan in the US bases.  What I think is the biggest reason has nothing to do with the war—it is power. I believe the US wanted to show how powerful and superior it was in front of the whole world. I have read about the topic, and I know that Truman wanted to bomb Japan without Soviet Russia’s knowing. What he did not know was that Soviet Russia already knew about the Manhattan project due to their intelligence having been informed since 1941.  According to Gosling, “the information likely came from John Cairncross, a member of the infamous “Cambridge Five” spies in Britain.” Politicians were always looking for ways to show just how better they were in front of other countries. The US had gotten their hands on one of the deadliest weapons ever known—and they wanted it to be known with a huge impact. Ultimately, man’s pride and hunger for power won over compassion.

 

Hiroshima: An Annotated Bibliography

“Avalon Project – The Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.” Avalon Project – Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy. Web. 10 Dec. 2010.

This is a great website with information on the bombings. Everything in this website is told from an academic point of view. The information is precise and straight to the point. What I liked the most about it was the radiation injuries page. It has a radiation injuries chart with the symptoms from the victims. The information on this particular page is scientific and very detailed.

Milam, Michael C. “Hiroshima and Nagasaki: sixty-five years later.” The Humanist July-Aug. 2010: 32+. Academic OneFile. Web. 2 Dec. 2010.

Michael C. Milam writes in his essay that even today the atomic bomb that hit Hiroshima can be felt. While it cannot be felt physically, it is an event that will forever be present in the hearts and minds of Japanese citizens. This essay is more than a recollection of the events. It is a look into the present day of Hiroshima, its memorials and buildings that will live on even after the bombing.  I particularly enjoyed Milam’s description of one of Hiroshima’s iconic photos.  It feels as if he is bringing the photo to life with his words.

Irwin, Richard.  “Hiroshima survivors share their stories. ” Inland Valley Daily Bulletin 15  Mar. 2009, ProQuest Newsstand, ProQuest. Web.  13 Dec. 2010.

This is another great article about a Hiroshima survivor sharing his story with the world. Tommy Morimoto suffered not only the bombings, but he had to go to war afterwards. Members of his family died around him, and he ended up taking care of a baby in the aftermath of the bomb. But he kept on going—he fought to survive. Now he is telling his amazing story to students in America. In this article, Kikuko Otake’s story is also shared. Her story is a bloody one, filled with tragic images of people dying in the rivers nearby. She warns the readers of hydrogen bombs, which are even more powerful than those which hit Hiroshima and Nagasaki. She wants peace for the world, and the disappearance of destructive weapons.

Fattig, Paul.  “Hiroshima survivor’s unspeakable struggle: Hideko Tamura Snider of Medford was there the day the bomb dropped, the day her heart and life were shattered. ” McClatchy – Tribune Business News 2 May 2010  ProQuest Newsstand, ProQuest. Web.  13 Dec. 2010.

Paul Fattig writes on his article the struggles of Hiroshima survivor Hideko Tamura. Tamura’s account of the events is heartbreaking. Her narration of that day is very detailed and sad. I could see myself in the middle of the action going on. Her description is so detailed, especially the ones about other victims around her.  This is a great article to open our minds to the terror of nuclear warfare.

Gosling, F. G. “The Manhattan Project: An Interactive History.” Department of Energy – CFO Home. 2000. Web. 14 Dec. 2010.

This is a great website with information on the Manhattan project. It includes a chronological recounting of the events that happened during the project between United States officials. Pictures of official documents, the bombings and the people involved are available in the website. This website has a very accurate retelling of the events. It also has a resources page, which has links to reference material like maps, and other information on nuclear warfare.

 

Genre #1: Timeline

Click for larger image

 

Genre #2: Collage

 

 

Genre #3: Book Jacket

 

Genre #4: Newspaper Article

Click the image to read the PDF article.

 

Genre #5: Quiz

Test your knowledge on the Hiroshima & Nagasaki bombings.

  1. What were some of the effects on the victims?
    a. Nothing
    b. Burns, clothing would stick to them, injuries from debris.
    c. Cancer, Radiation poisoning.
    d. B and C are correct
  2. When was Hiroshima attacked by a nuclear bomb?
    a. August 7, 1945
    b. August 6, 1945
    C. August 9, 1945
    d. July 6, 1945
  3. When was Nagasaki attacked by a nuclear bomb?
    a. August 7, 1945
    b. August 6, 1945
    C. August 9, 1945
    d. July 6, 1945
  4. What was the name of the first nuclear bomb test?
    a. Stargate
    b. Trinity
    c. Infinity
    d. Destiny
  5. When did World War II officially end?
    a. August 15, 1945
    b. August 12, 1945
    c. August 6, 1945
    d. September 2, 1945

Test your answers:

1˙p  2˙q  3˙ɔ  4˙q  5˙p

 

Epilogue

Reading about Hiroshima and Nagasaki was an amazing experience. I learned so many new things that I did not know about the events. I had read about the topic before, but this research led me to find new stories from survivors. I am glad I chose this topic because it had a huge impact on me. By reading about the events, I felt more disappointed by the decisions of countries in the past. I hope everyone gets over the thought of war, and the world can live peacefully because war only leads to loss.

I liked writing in multiple genres because it gave me more freedom as to what to do. I love editing things on Photoshop so this was a great opportunity to let my creative side out. I made some informative and creative graphics in my genres like the book jacket. I enjoyed looking for pictures of Hiroshima in the present to make a beautiful book cover. It makes a big difference compared to the very tragic collage I made of the past. They are related as they show how a country can move on and live peacefully. Another genre I enjoyed writing was the newspaper article. I felt as if I was living in the past, and everything was happening at that moment. Even though it was a great experience, it was still sad thinking about the events while describing them in my work. I am still glad that I could write something so descriptive because I have never thought of myself as a writer.

This paper was a different experience from everything that I have written in college. I was immersed in the research, and the creative process in the genres. I hope that readers of this paper enjoy it and learn something new. We all should reflect on how lucky we are that we have not gone through something as tragic as this.

 

Works Cited

Conaway, Danielle.  “Hiroshima survivor talks about her experiences. ” McClatchy – Tribune Business News 23 October 2008  ProQuest Newsstand, ProQuest. Web.  13 Dec. 2010.

Fattig, Paul.  “Hiroshima survivor’s unspeakable struggle: Hideko Tamura Snider of Medford was there the day the bomb dropped, the day her heart and life were shattered. ” McClatchy – Tribune Business News 2 May 2010  ProQuest Newsstand, ProQuest. Web.  13 Dec. 2010.

Gosling, F. G. “The Manhattan Project: An Interactive History.” Department of Energy – CFO Home. 2000. Web. 14 Dec. 2010.

Irwin, Richard.  “Hiroshima survivors share their stories. ” Inland Valley Daily Bulletin 15  Mar. 2009, ProQuest Newsstand, ProQuest. Web.  13 Dec. 2010.

Macris, Gina.  “Hiroshima survivor captivates students. ” The Providence Journal 18  Oct. 2008, ProQuest Newsstand, ProQuest. Web.  13 Dec. 2010.

Milam, Michael C. “Hiroshima and Nagasaki: sixty-five years later.” The Humanist July-Aug. 2010: 32+. Academic OneFile. Web. 2 Dec. 2010.

Shaner, Cassie.  “Hiroshima survivor to speak on her experiences: Two events highlight nuclear weapon issues. ” McClatchy – Tribune Business News 21 October 2008  ProQuest Newsstand, ProQuest. Web.  13 Dec. 2010.

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This is goodbye

I’m minutes away from posting my multi-genre essay, and thought it’d be nice to say goodbye. This is the end of my class blog. It was a nice experience to write about things happening in the present. I actually have a personal blog– if anyone wants to check it out, it’s: http://un3xpectedfate.tumblr.com/ Right now, it’s filled with a bunch of books that I love or that I want to read. Thank you for reading my blog! See you!

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Review: Matched by Ally Condie

I would like to share a small review I wrote about an amazing book I read recently. As you must have noticed, I am an avid reader. I like to read multiple books a week. This book had a huge impact on me so I decided to write a review about it.

Matched by Ally Condie

Release Date: November 30, 2010

Rating: 5/5

Source: Bought

Buy: Amazon

Cassia has always trusted the Society to make the right choices for her: what to read, what to watch, what to believe. So when Xander’s face appears on-screen at her Matching ceremony, Cassia knows with complete certainty that he is her ideal mate … until she sees Ky Markham’s face flash for an instant before the screen fades to black.

The Society tells her it’s a glitch, a rare malfunction, and that she should focus on the happy life she’s destined to lead with Xander. But Cassia can’t stop thinking about Ky, and as they slowly fall in love, Cassia begins to doubt the Society’s infallibility and is faced with an impossible choice: between Xander and Ky, between the only life she’s known and a path that no one else has dared to follow.

 

This book caught my attention when I watched the Breathless Reads trailer. The whole idea of a future where even your marriage is controlled captured me. I admit it, I am no dystopia reader. This marked a new genre for me to read, and I’m glad I did.

Matched captured my attention from the beginning. I really wanted to know what would happen next to Cassia and Ky.  I was intrigued by the idea of a Society that controls every aspect of the characters’ lives. Even though the existence of the Society is interesting, I found it creepy too. They are watching Cassia at every moment. They know everything “wrong” she does, and they are controlling her even when she thinks they aren’t.

Cassia is a girl who was raised in a controlled environment, but inside she feels like she wants to live more. Ky’s appearance on the monitor triggered something in her—something that made her want to know what’s out there. I liked Cassia. She was a great character who wanted to fight for what she believed in. I liked how she was a strong-willed, which is a bit rare in the YA genre. Most girls in YA fiction nowadays are so weak. The fact that Cassia was the center of the story was a different, but great aspect. Ky was such a great character. He had so many emotions bottled up. I just loved how he communicated with Cassia in his old-fashioned artistic way. Xander was a very likeable character too. I kind of felt bad for him in the end because he was just so nice to Cassia. The fact that the Society pretty much played a game between all three is just sad. I loved how the relationships were developed. This book just felt so real and raw.

Matched is an amazing book about a girl who is fighting for her beliefs in a world where rights are nonexistent. I recommend it for anyone who wants to read something different, but powerful.

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I recently read an article about Arizona and its laws banning immigrants & ethnic studies. What a sad place Arizona is. I would not want to be a part of a state so immersed in the past. The following quote shocked me: “Also outlawed are courses designed primarily for students of a particular ethnic group and those that advocate ethnic solidarity rather than treat students as individuals.” So this new law pretty much allows white people to be racist. There will be no solidarity towards people of other races? I’m feeling a time warp here. Instead of moving into the future, Arizona is keeping itself in the past with these immature laws. I would like to know what type of people voted for these laws to be approved. It’s a shame that in this day and age such people exist. I am ashamed of them, and their influence on their children as well. Why? Because they will be raising them with their beliefs, and it will be just like the past. I just hope other states don’t follow Arizona’s ways. We need to promote equality always. Members of education, like college professors are against the program. They plan to keep the program against the district. The sad part is that they will probably suffer for going “against the law”. It’s sad how the law makes no sense sometimes. A person should have a right to say what they want to study. No law should be able to control education in such a sad way.

Source: The Christian Science Monitor

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